Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2017, Page: 97-102
Advancement in Packaging Film Using Microcrystalline Cellulose and TiO2
Pathik Shah, Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (CIPET), Vatva GIDC, Ahmedabad, India
Kalpana Pandey, Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (CIPET), Vatva GIDC, Ahmedabad, India
Received: Oct. 23, 2017;       Accepted: Nov. 24, 2017;       Published: Dec. 21, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20170306.11      View  1356      Downloads  79
Abstract
The objective of this study is to study the effects of the addition of TiO2 and microcrystalline cellulose on properties of packaging films based on biodegradable polymer blends. Biocompositions of Linear Low Density Polyethylene (LLDPE) - Microcrystalline Cellulose were prepared by Twin Screw Extrusion using of maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene as compatibilizer and TiO2 as pro-oxidative additives. Polyethylene wax was used as processing aid to ease the blown film process. The presence of large amount of microcrystalline cellulose contents had a divergent effect on the tensile properties of Cellulose-PE blend. However, the addition of compatibilizer to the blends improved the interfacial bonding between the two materials. High amount of cellulose also was found to upsurge the rate of biodegradability of Cellulose-PE composite films. The burst strength and soil burry test of this composite film was also improved. It suggest that this film can be used for packaging film which can degraded up to certain extend.
Keywords
Microcrystalline Cellulose, Pro-Oxidative Additives, Compatibilizer, Bio Degradable, Packaging Film
To cite this article
Pathik Shah, Kalpana Pandey, Advancement in Packaging Film Using Microcrystalline Cellulose and TiO2, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2017, pp. 97-102. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20170306.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Roshafima R. Ali, Wan A. W. A. Rahman, Rafiziana M. Kasmani, Norazan Ibrahim, Siti N. H. Mustapha, Hasrinah Hasbullah. (2013). Tapioca Starch Biocomposite for Disposable Packaging Ware. Chemical Engineering Transactions. 32, 1711-1716.
[2]
Jefferson Hopewell, Robert Dvorak, and Edward Kosior. (2009) Plastics recycling: challenges and opportunities. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 364 (1526), 2115–2126.
[3]
Subrahmaniyan Kasirajan and Mathieu Ngouajio, (2012) Polyethylene and biodegradable mulches for agricultural applications: a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 32,501–529.
[4]
A. P. Gupta and Aftab Alam. (2014) Study of Flexural, Tensile, Impact properties and Morphology of Potato Starch/Polypropylene blends. International Journal of Advanced Research, 2 (11), 599-604.
[5]
B. Y. Lim, H. Salmah and P. L. Teh. (2013) A study on the rheological properties of low-density polyethylene/palm kernel shell composites. Advanced Materials Research. 626, 615-619.
[6]
P. Bataille, P. Allard, P. Cousin, and S. Sapieha, (1990). Interfacial phenomena in cellulose/polyethylene composites. Polymer Composites, 11 (5), 301-304.
[7]
T. Alomayri, H. Assaedi, F. U. A. Shaikh, I. M. Low,(2014) Effect of water absorption on the mechanical properties of cotton fabric-reinforced geopolymer composites. Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, 2(3), 223-230.
[8]
H. Chen, (2014) Biotechnology of Lignocellulose: Theory and Practice, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-6898-7__2, Chemical Industry Press, Beijing and Springer Science Business Media Dordrecht.
[9]
Wei Yang, Shuangshuang Song, Chaoqun Zhang, Wenyao Liang, Xianming Dong, Ying Luo, Xin Cai, (2017) Enhanced Photocatalytic Oxidation and Biodegradation of Polyethylene Films with PMMA Grafted TiO2 as Pro-Oxidant Additives for Plastic Mulch Application. Polymer composites, 9. DOI: 10.1002/pc.24358.
[10]
S. T. Sam, H. Ismail and Z. Ahmad. (2011) Soil burial of polyethylene-g-(maleic anhydride) compatibilised LLDPE/soya powder blends. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, 50, 851–861.
[11]
Qun Li, Aijiao Wang, Wenhui Ding, Yujia Zhang, (2017), Influencing Factors for Alkaline Degradation of Cellulose. BioResources, 12(1), 1263-1272.
[12]
A M ABDEL GHAFFAR1, and H E ALI (2016). Radiation modification of the properties of polypropylene/carboxymethyl cellulose blends and their biodegradability. Bulletin of Materials Science 39(7) 1809–1817.
[13]
H. E. Alia. M. Abdel Ghaffar (2017), Preparation and Effect of Gamma Radiation on the Properties and Biodegradability of Poly (Styrene/Starch) Blends. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 130, 411-420.
[14]
Celine Robert, Annick Bernalier-Donadille, (2003), the cellulolytic micro£ora of the human colon: evidence of microcrystalline cellulose-degrading bacteria in methane-excreting subjects. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 46 (2003) 81-89.
[15]
Harintharavimal Balakrishnan, Azman Hassan and Mat Uzir Wahit. (2010) Mechanical, Thermal, and Morphological Properties of Polylactic Acid/Linear Low Density Polyethylene Blends. Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, 42, 223-239.
Browse journals by subject