Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2017, Page: 103-107
Kinetic Studies on Bulk Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of Styrene
Samiul Islam Chowdhury, Department of Chemistry, Bangladesh University of Textiles, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Lamya Zahir, Department of Apparel Engineering, Bangladesh University of Textiles, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Tariqul Hasan, Department of Chemistry, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Received: Nov. 9, 2017;       Accepted: Dec. 1, 2017;       Published: Dec. 21, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20170306.12      View  1347      Downloads  67
Abstract
The long chain vinyl end-functional polystyrene has been synthesized in bulk polymerization method using atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) with Undecenyl-2-Bromopropionate (UnBP) and CuCl/bypyridine catalytic system. The polymerizations demonstrate an increase in molecular weight and conversion in direct proportion to the polymerization time by consumed monomer which exhibited first-order kinetics. This study concludes the simple kinetics of polystyrene synthesized by ATRP using initiator and ligand-to-copper(I) halide was found to be 1:2:1, which tentatively indicates that the coordination sphere of the active copper(I) center contains two bipyridine ligands. The propagation rate has been investigated for long range of time for ensuring that the rate of radical combination or disproportionation is sufficiently less.
Keywords
Polystyrene, Initiator, ATRP, Bulk Polymerization, Kinetics
To cite this article
Samiul Islam Chowdhury, Lamya Zahir, Tariqul Hasan, Kinetic Studies on Bulk Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of Styrene, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2017, pp. 103-107. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20170306.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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